Honey is the sugar substance that bees (and not other insects) work, starting from nectar or from honeydew. Nectar is a sugar liquid derived from the lymph of higher plants. It’s produced by special organs, called nectars, placed in the flower or in other parts of the plant. Honeydew also derives from the lymph of plants; it is produced by pests insect of plants (such as aphids), which suck lymph to feed themselves.
How it is formed
After collecting the nectar, the bee goes back into the hive, then the drop collected is up to another bee, this one will do the same with the other bees.
After many transfers from insect to insect, the raw material obtained, is stored in the supers, that will be closed for the storage (and for nutrition), but only when the nectar humidity level has fallen to 18% .
Honey composition of is very complex: in it there are sugars, water, mineral salts, organic acids and enzymes, probably there are also substances (quantitatively minor) not known yet.
Sugars, organic acids, mineral substances, proteins, enzymes, vitamins, constituents of different kinds.
Biological and nutritional properties
Honey has a high caloric power: provides approximately 320 calories per 100 grams of product (sugar kitchen 400, per 100 grams of product).
It’s mainly composed of simple sugars (glucose and fructose) it has an easy digestibility, glucose actually with its energetic power, can immediately reach the circulation, while the fructose is consumed slowly, and it works as an energy resource: before being consumed by the organism, it must necessarily be converted into glucose by the liver.
Furthermore honey gives an immediate energy boost, without an elaborate digestive process, and that’s why is hardly recommended in the athletes’ or boys’ diet.
The presence, next to sugars of vitamins, mineral salts, enzymes, aromatic substances and trace elements, contributes to enpower the nutritional value of the product; morever the sweetening power is higher than cooking sugar, with calories saving for those who want to seek a low-calorie diet.
Honey has been recognized rich of a real bacteriostatic action (probably thanks to the presence of hydrogen peroxide and gluconic acid), and a hepato protective and trophic activity in the liver (it should in any case be remembered that it can also have a mildly laxative action).